FOR FACILITATORS OF THE SEDER
These notes are meant to provide and outline and some food for thought for conducting a seder. It is presented in .doc form to give you the freedom to edit as you desire. May the Ruach haKodesh lead you and each one at your Seder into a wonderfully blessed time in the Name of YHWH and His Majesty Y’shua Mashiyach.
Preparation for the Seder
It is preferable to have 6 or 7 souls per Seder plate.
Matzah -three pieces for each 6 or 7 guests
Red Wine –as it illustrates the blood of the lamb,
Have enough wine for each adult to enjoy 4 full cups
Children should each have a cup of wine, let the younger ones taste wine as well
Large bottles of Manischewitz are convenient and have a very popular flavour
Kosher Grape Juice is good to have on hand for those with a low alcohol tolerance
Seder Plate -you may purchase seder plates at any outlet that sells Judaica or in a pinch use paper/plastic plates that children draw the Pesach symbols on. Seder Plates will contain:
Charoset sweet mix of nuts, dates, spices and wine
Baytzah boiled egg to illustrate how some “Jewish tradition” has bunny hopped into ishtar eggs
Zeroa Shank bone
Maror Horseradish (some like it hot, and we wouldn’t want to don’t disappoint them, would we?)
Charoset Recipe enough for 25 guests
4 6z ea. Pitted dates, dried figs, dried apricots, white or black raisins
2 Large sweet apples cored/peeled/diced
1 Cup ground walnuts
Kosher for Pesach Manischewitz Concord Grape Wine
Grind fruit in Cuisinart (or blender)
Mix fruit with ground walnuts by hand and moisten with wine as necessary to make balls the size of walnuts
Before serving roll the balls in cinnamon (mix with a bit of brown sugar as desired) and shake off excess
Some Factors to consider while organizing the Seder
Hide the afikomen in the room where you are having the Seder, but don’t make it too difficult to find. If the children can’t find it later, the Seder can’t continue. Put the other half back in the pouch after you hide your own afikomen, and visit one of the nearby tables to demonstrate the breaking of and hiding of the middle Matzah.
Practice your shofar blowing, call the group to attention using the Shofar and call them back after the meal.
Blessed are the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O YHWH, in the light of thy countenance.
The Haggadah is not done as though it is a military exercise (rote duty), the Seder is to be a personal experience for each one, including all who facilitate it. Ask open questions, share some personal experiences, share testimonies that are appropriate at the Seder etc, but remember that some people may not be able to last for hours and hours…
In large public Seders you should also be aware of those who intend to disrupt the flow with their personal agenda. One time a person thought the Seder was “too Jewish”, don’t laugh! (It’s true.) The point is there are those out there looking for a pulpit for their religious ideas, you might consider holding an instructional Seder for certain ones who you know might become disruptive. You are not obligated to throw the doors wide open to everyone, nor must you provide a reason why you are doing two or more Seders. I’ve had excellent experiences doing instructional Seders for newbies at various venues. One was a mix of Christians and Hare Krishna looking to bail out of Egypt, our Seder experience together was joyous and revelatory… to say the least.
Removal of Chametz
Chametz is yeast or any other product like baking soda or carbonated soft drinks that cause to puff up or fizz. By the beginning of Pesach no Chametz should left inside the home or on our property. To fulfill this directive, we thoroughly clean our home including personal jurisdictions such as the car, the office lockers etc. It is best to start cleaning and preparing for Pesach a month or so ahead and use up the Chametz instead of having to dispose of it. You’ve probably heard it said to “turn the house upside down”, which may be of Jewish origin referring to turning the house from Chametz to Pesachdik (ready for Pesach). You’ve probably also heard of, “going the whole hog” which is not a Jewish saying but might come in handy if you’re asking yourself how far to go to get the leaven out. Depending on the halacha you follow, some will prohibit the use of dishes, silverware, pots and pans that were used to prepare Chametz foods, some opt for plasticware and disposable cookware for Pesach. Most Netzarim thoroughly wash their kitchens with soap and hot water, others follow rigorous halakha of the Orthodox. The majority of Netzarim would teach that it is better to focus on getting the leaven out our souls than the things of the external world. If you’re not sure what foods or drinks are Kosher for Pesach it is best to error on the side of caution. If you just purchased a bulk supply of foods that have Chametz you might be able to give it or sell it to those who don’t celebrate Pesach. In some Jewish communities a designated person will contract with someone outside the community who is willing to purchase all the Chametz before Pesach and sell it back after the Chag haMatzah. I would rather spend the time trying to win a soul into the Kingdom rather than make a pact over bouncing a basket Chametz back and forth.
Bedikat Chametz Searching for Chametz
Once the home is thoroughly cleaned out we take a flashlight (or candle) and a feather and do the final search for Chametz. This is a very important element to observe with the children as we discuss sin with them and the need to search our hearts and confess our sins and stop sinning. Many souls have experienced this as one of the most meaningful teaching tools for their children to learn about Yeshua and build and strengthen the unity of the family. Children need to hear examples of how Dad and Mom are forgiven of their own sin and how sin happens but that we learn how to avoid it. Conflicts between parents and children can illustrate how easy it is for anyone to make mistakes and need to be forgiven. This is a wonderful family opportunity while searching for Chametz, but make sure to find some Chametz and discuss the importance of keeping sinful thoughts, talk and actions out of our lives and homes.
Baruch atah YAHWEH, Ehlo-haynu Melech Ha-olam, asher kideshanu b’mitzvotav v’tzeevanu al Bee’oor Chametz. Blessed are you YHWH, our Elohim, Ruler of the world, who sanctified us through His commandments and commanded us concerning the removal of Chametz.
Biur Chametz Burning the Chametz
Burning the Chametz is a symbol of burning the ego and pride out of our souls, so we burn the Chametz as opposed to disposing of it as we do the regular garbage. We burn the Chametz on Erev Pesach as the leftovers from the Set Apart sacrifices were burnt. The leftovers from the sacrifices were burnt upon wood, so also we should burn the Chametz with wood.
Ta’anit B’chorim Fast of the First Born
On the day before Pesach it is customary for the firstborn to fast as a reminder of what YHWH had done in order to deliver Israel. All of the firstborn in Egypt died unless they had the blood of the lamb applied to their doorposts. Y’shua is of course the firstborn of His Father YHWH. The English name Passover comes from YHWH passing over the homes that had the blood of the lamb applied to their doorposts, and preserving the lives of the first born.
Rabbinical thinking follows that matzah be broken before reciting the Haggadah, because the recital is to be over a matzah suitable for the obligation of Haggadah, namely lechem oni (bread of poverty) which is a broken piece. Lechem oni means “bread of poverty”, but is also interpreted as “lechem she’onim alav” – the bread over which we answer; discuss; recite many things. By combining both meanings, the Haggadah is to be said over matzah. In particular a matzah which is noticeably “bread of poverty” – i.e., a broken piece of matzah. (Pesachim 115b)
Afikomen is said by some to mean “afiku” meaning “bring out” to the table all kinds of food. Tishby and Mussaf He’aruch state that afikomen is a Greek term for foods eaten at the conclusion of a meal (the dessert). Rabbis explained that the middle matzah represents Isaac (who signifies the attribute of gevurah – severity; strict judgment). Thus there has to be a “breaking” of this matzah, and into five pieces, signifying a “sweetening” of the five aspects of gevurah. This “sweetening” then manifests itself in afikomen [for the pieces constitute the afikomen], which means “afiku man” bringing out mannah – that is, an emanation of nourishment – signifying the attribute of “chessed (kindness; benevolence) of Abraham”.
The afikomen was not present during the days of Y’shua. It was a later addition to the Passover. The last solid food taken in that day was the lamb at the dinner. Rabbinic tradition holds that the afikomen now represents the lamb, and therefore everyone must eat of it.
The word afikomen does not exist in the Hebrew language, Rabbis usually explain it as “dessert”, since it is eaten after the meal where the dessert would normally be eaten. Afikomen is the only Greek word in the Passover Seder, everything else is Hebrew. It is the second aorist form of the Greek verb ikneomai. Which simply means “He came”.
Many traditions have developed around the afikomen, Moroccan Jews save a piece of the afikomen for use when traveling at sea throughout the year. They believe that if a piece of the afikomen is tossed into the stormy waves, it will still the waters. It is easy to see the origin of this tradition as Y’shua spoke and calmed the stormy Sea of Galilee.
CUPS OF WINE
You will notice the number four turning up many times during the Seder.
The Four cups of wine are based on Shemot (Exodus) 6:6-7
1) YHWH says, I will bring you out!
2) YHWH says, I will free you
3) YHWH says, I will redeem you
4) YHWH says, I will take you as my own!
The Four sons are taken from D’varim 6:20; Sh’mot (Exodus) 12:26; 13:14; 13:8
Dalet, representing the Door is the 4th letter, the significance of the Door is manifold.
Shemot (Exodus) 13:14 “In days to come, when your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ say to him, ‘With a mighty hand YHWH brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, YHWH killed every firstborn in Egypt, both man and animal. This is why I sacrifice to YHWH the first male offspring of every womb and redeem each of my firstborn sons.’ And it will be like a sign on your hand and a symbol on your forehead that YHWH brought us out of Egypt with his mighty hand.”
Four letters in the Name of YHWH.
Four components of Torah include: Edyot, Mitzvoth, Mishpatim, Chokim
Four basic levels of Torah interpretation: Peshat, Remez, Drash, Sod
Four matriarchs: Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, and Leah.
Jacob’s four wives: Rachel, Leah, Bilhah, and Zilpah.
Father, mother, son, daughter: the first commandment of the Torah: “be fruitful and multiply.”
Four elements of the physical world: fire, air, water, and earth.
Solid, liquid, gas, combustion.
- Hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen.
- The four physical forces: gravity, electromagnetic, strong, weak.
- Man, animal, vegetable, and inanimate objects.
- Four seasons of the year; Four directions.
The four worlds: Atzilut, Beriah, Yetzirah, and Asiyah.
The number 10 represents Covenant multiplied by 4 is 40:
Moses was 40 years in Mitzrayim, 40 years in Midian, and 40 years in the wilderness.
Moses went up on mount Sinai three different times for 40 days each.
The spies spied out the land for 40 days.
The Children of Israel were in the wilderness for 40 years.
Yeshua went to the wilderness and fasted 40 days and 40 nights.
DOORPOSTS The blood of the lamb was applied to the doorposts and the lintel of the door. The application of this blood on two sides and the top of the door makes the shape of the Ancient Hebrew letter Tav, which symbolizes the Sign of the Covenant.
Shemot (Exodus) 4:21-23YHWH said to Moses, “When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go. Then say to Pharaoh, ‘This is whatYHWH says: Israel is my firstborn son, And I told you, “Let my son go, so he may worship me.” But you refused to let him go; so I will kill your firstborn son.’”
Shemot (Exodus) 13:1-16 YHWH said to Moses, “Consecrate to me every firstborn male. The first offspring of every womb among the Israelites belongs to me, whether man or animal.” Then Moses said to the people, “Commemorate this day, the day you came out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery, because YHWH brought you out of it with a mighty hand. Eat nothing containing yeast. Today, in the month of Abib, you are leaving. When YHWH brings you into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites and Jebusites–the land he swore to your forefathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey you are to observe this ceremony in this month: For seven days eat bread made without yeast and on the seventh day hold a festival to YHWH. Eat unleavened bread during those seven days; nothing with yeast in it is to be seen among you, nor shall any yeast be seen anywhere within your borders. On that day tell your son, ‘I do this because of what YHWH did for me when I came out of Egypt. ‘ This observance will be for you like a sign on your hand and a reminder on your forehead that the law of HaShem is to be on your lips. For HaShem brought you out of Egypt with his mighty hand. You must keep this ordinance at the appointed time year after year. “After HaShem brings you into the land of the Canaanites and gives it to you, as he promised on oath to you and your forefathers, You are to give over to HaShem the first offspring of every womb. All the firstborn males of your livestock belong to HaShem. Redeem with a lamb every firstborn donkey, but if you do not redeem it, break its neck. Redeem every firstborn among your sons. “In days to come, when your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ say to him, ‘With a mighty hand HaShem brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, HaShem killed every firstborn in Egypt, both man and animal. This is why I sacrifice to HaShem the first male offspring of every womb and redeem each of my firstborn sons.’ And it will be like a sign on your hand and a symbol on your forehead that HaShem brought us out of Egypt with his mighty hand.”
Bamidbar (Numbers) 3:11-13 YHWH also said to Moses, “I have taken the Levites from among the Israelites in place of the first male offspring of every Israelite woman. The Levites are mine, For all the firstborn are mine. When I struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, I set apart for myself every firstborn in Israel, whether man or animal. They are to be mine. I am YHWH.”
Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
Hebrews 12:22-28 But you are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living Elohim, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, 23 To the general assembly and Kehillath of the firstborn , which are written in heaven, and to Elohim the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, 24 And to Yeshua the mediator of the renewed covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaks better things than that of Abel. 25 See that you refuse not him that speaks. For if they escaped not who refused him that spoke on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaks from heaven: 26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he has promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. 27 And this word, Yet once more, signifies the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. 28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve Elohim acceptably with reverence and the fear of YHWH.
Future Passover events. This first one because of the reference to firstborn:
Revelation 1:4-6 Yochanan (John), To the seven churches in the province of Asia: Grace and peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come, and from the seven spirits before his throne, And from Yeshua Mashiyach, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood, And has made us to be a kingdom and priests to serve his Elohim and Father–to him be glory and power for ever and ever! Amen.
Seven days after Passover the Israelites and Moses sang the song of Moses.
Shemot 15:1 Then Moses and the Israelites sang this song to HaShem: “I will sing to HaShem, for he is highly exalted. The horse and its rider he has hurled into the sea.
Yochanan had the following revelation where we learn when Moses will again sing this song:
Revelation 15:1-4 I saw in heaven another great and marvelous sign: seven angels with the seven last plagues–last, because with them YHWH’s wrath is completed. And I saw what looked like a sea of glass mixed with fire and, standing beside the sea, those who had been victorious over the beast and his image and over the number of his name. They held harps given them by YHWH And sang the song of Moshe the servant of YHWH and the song of the Lamb: “Great and marvelous are your deeds, YHWH Almighty. Just and true are your ways, King of the ages. Who will not fear you, YHWH and bring glory to your name? For you alone are holy. All nations will come and worship before you, for your righteous acts have been revealed.”
HAGGADAH takes it’s name from
Sh’mot (Exodus) 13:8 V’higadita l’vincha ba’yom ha’hu leimor, ba’avur zeh asah YHWH li b’tzeisi m’Mitzrayim.
And you shall relate to your child on that day, saying: “It is because of this that YHWH acted for me when I came forth out of Egypt.”
Other verses in the Torah command us to recount the story of the Exodus, this is the only verse which requires us to tell the story regardless of whether or not we are prompted by a child’s question. The other verses command us to tell the story only if a child asks about the Exodus. Since the commandment of this verse, however, applies whether or not a child asks, it serves as the source for the mitzvah. On Pesach every Jew must tell the story of the Exodus from Egypt. Since this verse is the source for the mitzvah to recount the Exodus, the compiler of the Haggadah composed both its content and order to correspond with the phrases in the verse V’higadita.
This “Source Verse” has six parts:
- V’higadita l’vincha And you shall relate to your child
- ba’yom ha’hu On that day
- leimor Saying
- ba’avur zeh It is because of this
- YHWH li YHWH acted for me
- m’Mitzrayim When I came forth out of Egypt
The Haggadah is divided into six sections, corresponding to these six phrases, the Haggadah in itself is indeed a masterpiece based on Torah. The Seder experience is rich in wisdom, knowledge and understanding of YHWH but it’s impossible to fully cover all areas of our Redemption and Deliverance in one evening. Within the information provided during the Seder is the salient fact that on this evening our souls are being brought out of Egypt, made free, redeemed and being taken as YHWH’s own sons and daughters. There are those who may have attended Seder upon Seder and many religious meetings and discussions who have yet to lay down their lives before YHWH and experience His Redemption through HaMashiyach. When HaMashiyach returns as Mashiyach Ben David no uncircumcised in the heart or flesh will be allowed to enter into His Mikdash (sanctuary). Yechezk’el (Ezekiel) 44:9.
All man made religions have watered down the Torah and the teachings of haMashiyach, we live in the earths darkest hour when Truth is very easily accessible but negated by most. It is incumbent on those who fear YHWH and bear His Set Apart Name to help prepare the souls of those who thirst for His Kingdom. We must not reduce Torah into a mental exercise only. Do not let the Set Apart Pesach Seder turn into social club night out for Torahless anti-Messiah religious types. HaMashiyach, he is Set Apart. To experience a Netzari Seder one must be willing to understand the body and blood of the Lamb, and there are consequences to all who take him lightly or in jest. I’ve seen people get up and leave a Seder instead of eating the afikomen, which is a commendable gesture on their part rather than being a hypocrite and inviting curses upon themselves. After the Seder it is an excellent time to give an invitation for further classes to learn about Torah and Mashiyach or to a Shabbat service where souls can learn about the Kingdom of Elohim.
YHWH does not require that we have large attendance at “Love Feasts” , where only two or three are gathered with humble and contrite hearts Avinu Malkenu YHWH Elohim will visit His people by His Ruach haKodesh.
HISSOP A symbol of humility, hyssop was used to sprinkle the blood on the doorposts, we use Karpas – A green vegetable, celery, parsley or potato. The Karpas is dipped in the salt water which represents the Red Sea, as well as the tears shed when Israel cried out to YHWH in Egypt.
LEANING The mitzvah of “Hasaivah” is to allow us the sense of freedom, traditionally one leans to the left however there is no point in leaning if it causes discomfort. “Now there was leaning on the bosom of Yeshua one of his disciples, whom Yeshua loved.” John 13:23 “Then Peter, turning about, saw the disciple whom Yeshua loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Master, which is he that betrays you?” John 21:20
MATZAH Unleavened Bread
You shall eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shall you eat unleavened bread therewith, even the (lachma anya) bread of affliction; for you came forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that you may remember the day when you came forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of your life. Deuteronomy 16:3
In Devarim the Matzah is called lachma anya the bread of affliction for the reason that we were afflicted in Egypt under slavery. Y’shua stated that the bread we are to eat represents his Body. Y’shua was afflicted to set us free from slavery of sin so we remember what He has done for us.
Isaiah 53:1 Who has believed our report? and to whom is the arm of YHWH revealed? 2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he has no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of Elohim, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and YHWH has laid on him the iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he opens not his mouth. 8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. 9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it pleased YHWH to bruise him; e has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of YHWH shall prosper in his hand. 11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
Why three matzahs?” One rabbinic tradition holds that they represent the three groups of Jewish people: the priests, the Levites, and the Israelites. Another tradition holds that they represent the three patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Yet rabbinic tradition is at a loss to explain why the middle matzah must be broken. Why must the Levites be broken and not the other groups? Or, why must Isaac be broken and not Abraham nor Jacob? Many see the Father, Son and Spirit within the oneness of Yahweh, just as three matzahs are in the oneness of the linen bag. The Son, came to earth as the Messiah. He was broken (died), wrapped, and hidden away (buried), and brought back at the third cup of wine (resurrected the third day).
PLAGUES: Every plague brought upon Egypt by Moses was a direct attack upon some deity or religious practice of the Egyptians. YHWH said to Moses, “Against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment” (Sh’mot (Exodus) 12:12). Most of the plagues were not entirely unusual occurrences in Egypt, but were proved to be supernatural by their intensity, succession and subjugation to Moses’ command, and of course by the exemption of Israel from seven of them. After the second plague the magicians of Egypt failed to imitate Moses’ miracles.
1. The water of the Nile was turned into blood (7:7). Osiris was the god of the Nile which gave life to Egypt. Now it brought death to the people.
2. Frogs swarmed on the land (8:2). Heki, according to Egyptian superstition, was the god who controlled the frogs.
3. Dust was turned into lice (8:16). The priests of Egypt were careful to be free from defilement of insects while worshipping. The Egyptian priests and the earth god, Seb, were discredited.
4. Swarms of flies or beetles, the emblem of Ra, the sun-god was helpless before Moses and YHWH (8:21). The great fly god became a plague to them.
5. The cattle became diseased with murrain (9:3). The sacred Apis Bull, worshipped all over Egypt as a symbol of strength, fertility, and prosperity was destroyed.
6. Boils broke out on man and beast (9:8). The sprinkling of ashes by the Egyptian priests was supposed to propitiate Set-Typhon. The opposite took place as Moses sprinkled the ashes.
7. Hail mingled with fire (9:18) demonstrated that the gods of the air were helpless.
8. Locusts (10:4) swarmed over the land as Serapis the god who was supposed to protect the land from locus plagues was proved to be a myth.
9. A thick darkness covered the land (10:21) as the chief god of Egypt, Ra, representing the sun, and the moon goddess, Isis, were proven helpless.
10. Death of the first-born (11:5) defeated the divine Pharaoh who had ordered the death of all male Hebrew babies. God destroyed the heir of the throne. Pharaoh, the divine ruler, who thought he held life and death in his own hands was defeated.
UNITY IN THE PESACH
Exodus 12:9-10 Eat not of it raw All the meat was to be well cooked indicating consistency and UNITY
nor sodden at all with water but roast with fire; cooking with fire removes water from the meat making the meat more unified, boiling the meat would add water making it fall apart more easily.
his head with his legs, and with the pertinence thereof Must be roasted in one piece indicating Unity.
And you shall let nothing of it remain until the morning;
and that which remains of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
Exodus 12:22 And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.
1) The Korban Pesach was eaten in one house, and only by the family group that was registered for that particular animal. Something which indicates unity must be concentrated in one place. (Sh’mot (Exodus) 12:46)
2) The Korban Pesach was taken from a 1 year old sheep or goat. The number one indicates unity. (Sh’mot (Exodus) 12:5)
3) The Korban Pesach was taken from the goats or sheep, but not from the cattle. A goat or sheep is a more delicate and tender animal. If it received a wound on one of its limbs, the animal itself would suffer the pain of the injury. An ox or cow, due to its bulk, would not be so affected by a similar wound. It would only feel pain in that particular limb.
4) It was prohibited to break any of the bones of the Korban Pesach. Again, any thing whole and not broken is an indication of unity. (Sh’mot (Exodus) 12:46)
5) The lamb being roasted whole would have had a perpendicular skewer across the shoulders to hold the animal open enabling the meat to be roasted from both the inside and outside. This crosspiece along with the lengthwise skewer formation would make the sign of the ancient Hebrew Tav, the sign of covenant.
6) The blood of the lamb was applied to the doorposts and the lintel of the door. The application of this blood on two sides and the top of the door makes the shape of the Ancient Hebrew letter Tav, Tav being the Sign of the Covenant.
7) But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that you may know how that YHWH does put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel. YHWH shows solidarity and unity to His people, as legitimate children we then must also expect that if we choose to rebel against YHWH and His Mashiyach He will deal with us.
By eating the Pesach according to all of it’s laws, a Jew demonstrated his unity with YHWH. This is the unity which He invested in Israel and thereby commanded them concerning the Korban Pesach.
The following events occurred during Passover
Nisan 14th Pesach
Pesach is observed. Shemot (Exodus) 12:1-6
Israelites observe Pesach in 2nd year Numbers 9:3
Israelites celebrate Pesach in the Sinai desert. Bamidbar (Numbers) 9:1-5
Israelites observe Pesach in Gilgal on the plains of Jericho Joshua 5:10
Josiah celebrates Pesach in the midst of removing idolatry. Melakim bet (Melakim alef (I Kings)) 23:19-25
Fast-day of the first-born. Soferim 21
Water swells on the earth in the days of Noah. Day 104. Bereshit (Genesis) 7:24
Cain and Able offer their sacrifices. Bereshit (Genesis) 4:3-5, PdRE, section 21, Yonaton b. Uziel
Mordecai and the Jews fast for the second day. Esther 4:16
Yocheved hides Moses after a 6 month and one day pregnancy – day 37. Artscroll Mesorah on Shavuot, page 61.
Levites still consecrating the temple in Hezekiah’s day, day 14. II Divrei Hayamim 29:17
Naomi and Ruth arrived in Bethlehem. Targum, Ruth 1:22
King Hezekiah fell critically ill. According to Seder Olam, King Hezekiah was taken ill three days before the defeat of King Sennacherib – day 3. 2 Kings 20:1, Seder Olam 23
Yeshua has a Pesach seder. Yochanan (John) 13:1
Pilate releases Barabbas. Mattitiyahu (Matthew) 27:15-21
Yeshua was crucified. Yochanan (John) 19:42
Darkness came over all the land from the sixth until the ninth hour. Mattitiyahu (Matthew) 27:45
Curtain of the temple rent. Mattitiyahu (Matthew) 27:51
Holy dead are raised to life. Mattitiyahu (Matthew) 27:52-53
Nisan 15th First Day of Feast of Unleavened Bread
Hag ha-Matzah. A Sabbath of Sabbaths (Vayikra 23:6-7) (15 – 21) Shemot (Exodus) 12:17-20
Water swells on the earth in the days of Noah. Day 105. Bereshit (Genesis) 7:24
Abram leaves Haran Sh’mot (Exodus) 12:40-41, Bereshit (Genesis) 12:1-10
YHWH makes the “covenant between the parts” with Abram. Bereshit (Genesis) 15:18, Seder Olam 5
Abraham learns of Lot’s captivity and defeats the 4 kings. “Legends of the Bible”, Ginzberg
YHWH afflicts Pharaoh, orders Abram and Sarai to leave Egypt, with gifts. Bereshit (Genesis) 12:15-20, Yalkut Shimoni
YHWH afflicts Abimelech in a dream, regarding Sarah. Bereshit (Genesis) 20, The Haggadah
YHWH made a covenant, between the parts, with Abraham. Bereshit (Genesis) 15:18, Seder Olam 5, Pirkei deRabbi Eliezer
Abraham is visited by angels and told that Isaac will be born next year. Bereshit (Genesis) 18:10, Seder Olam 5
Lot entertains two angels, then Sodom is destroyed while Lot and his daughters are delivered. Bereshit (Genesis) 19:1, 18:14
Isaac was born after a 7 month pregnancy, in a leap year. Sh’mot (Exodus) 12:40-41, Bereshit (Genesis) 18, 19, Rosh Hashanah 10b
Abraham binds Isaac (Akeida). Bereshit (Genesis) 22:1-18 (see the Zohar on Bereshit (Genesis) 28:11)
Isaac was to be sacrificed, according to the Rabbis. Bereshit (Genesis) 22
Isaac blesses Jacob. Bereshit (Genesis) 27:4; Yonatan b. Uziel; PdRE 2, Rashi on Bereshit (Genesis) 27:9
YHWH tells Laban to leave Jacob alone, in a dream. Bereshit (Genesis) 31:24, The Haggadah
Jacob wrestles with an angel. Bereshit (Genesis) 32:24, The Haggadah
YHWH destroys Sodom and Gomorrah. Bereshit (Genesis) 19
Death of Job. Jer. Sotah 5:8
Yocheved hides Moses after a 6 month and one day pregnancy – day 38. Artscroll Mesorah on Shavuot, page 61.
Moses saw the burning bush. Sh’mot (Exodus) 3:2, Bahya, Bo
Israelites leave Rameses and journey towards Succoth, day one. The Exodus begins! Sh’mot (Exodus) 12:48-51.
All males to appear before YHWH in Jerusalem. Devarim (Deuteronomy) 16:16
Yehoshua (Joshua) and the Israelites besiege Jericho and march around the city – day 1. Yehoshua (Joshua) 6:1ff
Gideon destroys Midian with the omer’s barley cake. Shoftim (Judges) 7, Midrash Yalkut 62, The Haggadah
YHWH swept away the army of the prince of Charoshes (Sisera) with the stars of night. Shoftim (Judges) 4 and 5, The Haggadah
Levites still consecrating the temple in Hezekiah’s day, day 15. II Divrei Hayamim 29:17
YHWH heals the people. II Divrei Hayamim 30:1-20
Exiles celebrated with joy because Assyrian King to help with temple. Ezra 6:22
The Assyrian army of Sennacherib, which threatened Jerusalem was destroyed. 2 Kings 19:35, Targum Rav Yosef
Nebuchadnezzar had a dream about a statue of four metals. Daniel 2 and 3, The Haggadah
The hand writing on the wall delivers a message of judgment to Belshazzar. Daniel 5, The Haggadah
Daniel is thrown into the lion’s den. Daniel 6, The Haggadah
Israelites who returned from Babylonian exile, celebrated Pesach. Ezra 6:19-22
Vashti is executed by King Xerxes. Esther 1:21; Derash le-Purim
King Achashverosh has his sleep disturbed. Esther 6:1
Mordecai is honored by Haman and king Achashverosh. Esther 5:1 – 6:10
Mordecai and the Jews fast for the third and last day. Esther 4:16
Esther invites the king to feast. Esther 5:1-4, Seder Olam 29
To be celebrated during the millennium. Yehezekel (Ezekiel) 45:21-24
Yochanan (John) the Baptist is born. Luqas (Luke) 1:24
Joseph and Mary celebrate Feast in Jerusalem with 12 year old Yeshua. Luqas (Luke) 2:39-41
Yeshua performs miracles and is believed. Yochanan (John) 2:23
Yeshua’s first day in the grave. Matityahu (Matthew) 27:62
Chief priests and Pharisees get Pilate to make the tomb of Yeshua secure. Matityahu (Matthew) 27:62-66
Peter is arrested. II Luqas (Acts) 12:3
The day of vengeance when the winepress is trodden. Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 63, The Haggadah
The exile ends with unique day, without daytime or nighttime. Zechariah 16:6, Micah 7:15 and Tehilim (Psalm) 139:12, The Haggadah
Hag ha-Matza – Second day. A partial Sabbath (Mishna: Seder Moed: Tractate Moed Katan). Sh’mot (Exodus) 12:17-20
The Omer or the day after Pesach – bread of the FIRSTFRUITS (Pharisees) Vayikra 23:15
The Omer is offered. Vayikra 23:14, Rambam, Temidin U’Musafin 7:2-17
Water swells on the earth in the days of Noah. Day 106. Bereshit (Genesis) 7:24
Birth of Levi. Midrash Tadshe, Midrash Yalkut 1
Yocheved hides Moses after a 6 month and one day pregnancy – day 39. Artscroll Mesorah on Shavuot, page 61.
Israelites leave Rameses and journey towards Succoth, for three days. Sh’mot (Exodus) 12:48-51
Bread from heaven (Manna) stopped. Yehoshua (Joshua) 5:12
The manna ended. Kiddushin 38a
The Omer was offered for the first time by Jews in Israel. Yehoshua (Joshua) 5:11, Rosh Hashanah 13a
Israelites eat produce of the promised land (2488 BCE). Yehoshua (Joshua) 5:11
Yehoshua (Joshua) and the Israelites march around Jericho – day 2. Yehoshua (Joshua) 6:1ff
An angel ordered Gideon to attack the Midianites. Shoftim (Judges) 6:19, Rashi
King Saul’s seven sons were killed. Midrash Rabbah, Naso, ch.8
David and his men eat consecrated bread. Luqas (Luke) 6:1-5 and 1 Samuel 21:1-6? 
Hezekiah finishes consecrating the Temple, day 16. II Divrei Hayamim 29:17
Esther, Haman, and the king feast. King kills Haman. Esther 5:5-5
Haman was hanged. Esther 7:10, Seder Olam 29
Mordecai becomes chief minister in place of Haman. Esther 8:2
Cyrus, King of Persia, captured Babylon in 539 BCE.
Yeshua’s disciples pick grain on the day (partial Sabbath) after Pesach. Lucas (Luke) 6:1, Mattitiyahu (Matthew) 12:1 – 13:30 2
Yeshua tells the parable of the wheat and the tares. Mattitiyahu (Matthew) 13:24-30
Yeshua heals the man with the withered hand. Mattitiyahu (Matthew) 12:9-16
Yeshua gives sight and hearing to a demon possessed man. Mattitiyahu (Matthew) 12:22-23
Two Miriams prepared spices and perfumes to embalm Yeshua. Lucas (Luke) 23:56
Yeshua’s second day in the tomb. Yochanan (John) 19:30-36
Hag ha-Matza – Third day. Shemot (Exodus) 12:17-20
The Omer, day 2.
Water swells on the earth in the days of Noah. Day 107. Bereshit (Genesis) 7:24
Yocheved hides Moses after a 6 month and one day pregnancy – day 40. Artscroll Mesorah on Shavuot, page 61.
Israelites journey towards Succoth, day two. Shemot (Exodus) 12:48-51
Moses collects Joseph’s bones. Shemot (Exodus) 13:19
Yehoshua (Joshua) and the Israelites march around Jericho – day 3. Yehoshua (Joshua) 6:1ff
Haman’s plans came to naught. Esther 3:12, 4:16, 5:1, 7:2-9
Resurrection Shabbat -Yeshua rose from the dead, at the end of the third day.
It is a Shabat Mattitiyahu (Matthew) 12:48
Peter is arrested and imprisoned by Herod. II Luqas (Acts) 12:3
Hag ha-Matza – Fourth day. Shemot (Exodus) 12:17-20
The Omer, day 3.
Water swells on the earth in the days of Noah. Day 108. Bereshit (Genesis) 7:24
Yocheved hides Moses after a 6 month and one day pregnancy – day 41. Artscroll Mesorah on Shavuot, page 61.
Pharaoh was informed that the Hebrew slaves had escaped. Shemot (Exodus) 14:5, Rashi
Israelites journey from Succoth to Etham, day one. Shemot (Exodus) 13:20
Yehoshua (Joshua) and the Israelites march around Jericho – day 4. Yehoshua (Joshua) 6:1ff
Yeshua, at 12 years old, stays in Jerusalem, teaching, when His parents find Him. Luqas (Luke) 2:41-51
YHWH removes Yeshua’s grave covering stone. Marqos (Mark) 16:2-4
Two Miriams come to Yeshua’s tomb to embalm Him. Yochanan (John) 20:1-9
Yeshua is Alive, He tells the women not to touch Him. Yochanan (John) 20:17
Yeshua opens the scriptures on the road to Emmaus. Luqas (Luke) 24:13
Yeshua shows Himself to ten apostles in the upper room, the evening of the first day of the week. Yochanan (John) 20:19
Yeshua heals the man with a withered hand on the Sabbath after Pesach. Luqas (Luke) 6:6-11
Hag ha-Matza – Fifth day. Shemot (Exodus) 12:17-20
The Omer, day 4.
Water swells on the earth in the days of Noah. Day 109. Bereshit (Genesis) 7:24
Yocheved hides Moses after a 6 month and one day pregnancy – day 42. Artscroll Mesorah on Shavuot, page 61.
Pharaoh set out in pursuit of the Israelites. Shemot (Exodus) 14:5, Rashi
Israelites journey from Succoth to Etham, day two. Shemot (Exodus) 13:20
Yehoshua (Joshua) and the Israelites march around Jericho – day 5. Yahoshua (Joshua) 6:1ff
Yeshua appears to the ten apostles. Yochanan (John) 20:19, Luqas (Luke) 24:21-3
Yeshua’s alive! It is resurrection day 2.
Hag ha-Matza – Sixth day. Shemot (Exodus) 12:17-20
The Omer, day 5.
Water swells on the earth in the days of Noah. Day 110. Bereshit (Genesis) 7:24
Yocheved hides Moses after a 6 month and one day pregnancy – day 43. Artscroll Mesorah on Shavuot, page 61.
Israelites journey from Succoth to Etham, day three. Shemot (Exodus) 13:20
Pharaoh and his army caught up with the Israelites. Shemot (Exodus) 14:5, Rashi
Yehoshua (Joshua) and the Israelites march around Jericho – day 6. Yehoshua (Joshua) 6:1ff
Yeshua’s alive! It is resurrection day 3.
Yeshua does the sprinkling for the touching of the dead. Bamidbar (Numbers) 19:11-13
Torah section is Bamidbar (Numbers) 9:1-14; 28:19-25. There is no Haftorah.
Hag ha-Matza – Seventh day. Shemot (Exodus) 12:17-20
The Omer, day 6.
Water swells on the earth in the days of Noah. Day 111. Bereshit (Genesis) 7:24
HaShem wipes out the world with water in Noah’s day. Noah and his family preserved. Bereshit (Genesis) 6:6-7 – TC, AC
Jacob left Laban’s home to return to Israel. Bereshit (Genesis) 31:17, Book of Jubilees.
Yocheved hides Moses after a 6 month and one day pregnancy – day 44. Artscroll Mesorah on Shavuot, page 61.
Pharaoh’s decree against Israelite male infants was canceled. Sotah 12b
Israelites camp at the tower, towards the mouth of the gorges, opposite the hidden destroyer. Shemot (Exodus) 33:7
Moses tells the Israelites to see Yeshua YHWH. Shemot (Exodus) 14:13
Israelites are immersed by going across the Red sea. Shemot (Exodus) 14:26-29
YHWH removes wheels from Egyptian chariots. Shemot (Exodus) 14:24-25
YHWH destroys Pharaoh’s army, chariots, and horses with water. Shemot (Exodus) 14:21-28, TC, AC
Moses and Miriam sing the song of Moses to YHWH. Shemot (Exodus) 15
YHWH refines Israel with fire, destroying the outskirts. Bamidbar (Numbers) 11:1-3, TC
Israelites crave meat from YHWH. Bamidbar (Numbers) 11:4, TC 
YHWH forms the Sanhedrin from the spirit of Moses. Bamidbar (Numbers) 11:16-25, TC
Yehoshua (Joshua) and the Israelites march around Jericho – day 7. Jericho’s walls recede. Jericho is destroyed. Yehoshua (Joshua) 6:1ff
YHWH destroys Sicera’s army, chariots, and horses with water. Shoftim (Judges) 4:4 – 5:31, TC
Deborah holds court to decide disputes of the Israelites. Shoftim (Judges) 4:4-5, TC
Deborah sings a song to YHWH. Shoftim (Judges) 5, TC
David sings a song to YHWH. 2 Samuel 22, AC 
Yeshua’s alive! It is resurrection day 4.
Peter is freed by an angel. Act 12:3-10
Disciples were gathered together for prayer. II Luqas (Acts) 12:3-12
Peter is released from prison by an angel. Peter went to Mary’s house (the mother of Yochanan (John) Marqos (Mark)) II Luqas (Acts) 12:3-12
Herod searches for Peter, cross examines guards, executes guards, and travels from Judea to Caesarea. II Luqas (Acts) 12:18-19
Solemn Assembly required on this last day of the Hag ha-Matza. Devarim (Deuteronomy) 16:8
The Omer, day 7, week 1.
Water swells on the earth in the days of Noah. Day 112. Bereshit (Genesis) 7:24
Isaac is circumcised. Bereshit (Genesis) 21:4, Shemot (Exodus) 12:40-41, Bereshit (Genesis) 18, 19, Rosh Hashanah 10b
Yocheved hides Moses after a 6 month and one day pregnancy – day 45. Artscroll Mesorah on Shavuot, page 61.
Israelites start crossing the desert of Etham, without any water. Day 1 Shemot (Exodus) 15:22, Bamidbar (Numbers) 33:8
Yahoshua (Joshua) begins his march around Jericho, day 1. Seder Olam 11
Zechariah and Elizabeth circumcise, and name, Yochanan (John) the Baptist. Luqas (Luke) 1:57-63
Yeshua, at 12 years old, stays in Jerusalem, teaching while look for Him. Luqas (Luke) 2:41-51
Yeshua’s alive! It is resurrection day 5.
Paul leaves Phillipi after spending 3 months there. Day 1 II Luqas (Acts) 20:6
OBSERVATIONS ABOUT PESACH
Bereshit 19:1-3 “And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground; And he said, Behold now, my Adonaim, turn in, I pray you, into your servant’s house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and you shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, No; but we will abide in the street all night. And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.”
The bread from heaven stopped the day after Passover. Joshua observed Passover just before eating the produce of the land: Joshua 5:10-12 On the evening of the fourteenth day of the month, while camped at Gilgal on the plains of Jericho, the Israelites celebrated the Passover. The day after the Passover, that very day, they ate some of the produce of the land: unleavened bread and roasted grain. The manna stopped the day after they ate this food from the land; there was no longer any manna for the Israelites, but that year they ate of the produce of Canaan.
John the Baptist was born during Passover. We can calculate his birthday from: Luke 1:5-24 In the time of Herod king of Judea there was a priest named Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly division of Abijah; his wife Elizabeth was also a descendant of Aaron. Both of them were upright in the sight of YHWH, observing all YHWH’s commandments and regulations blamelessly. But they had no children, because Elizabeth was barren; and they were both well along in years. Once when Zechariah’s division was on duty and he was serving as priest before YHWH, He was chosen by lot, according to the custom of the priesthood, to go into the temple of YHWH and burn incense. And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshipers were praying outside. Then an angel of YHWH appeared to him, standing at the right side of the altar of incense. When Zechariah saw him, he was startled and was gripped with fear. But the angel said to him: “Do not be afraid, Zechariah; your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to give him the name John. He will be a joy and delight to you, and many will rejoice because of his birth, For he will be great in the sight of YHWH. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even from birth. Many of the people of Israel will he bring back to YHWH their Elohim. And he will go on before YHWH, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous–to make ready a people prepared for the Master.” Zechariah asked the angel, “How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my wife is well along in years.” The angel answered, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of YHWH, and I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you this good news. And now you will be silent and not able to speak until the day this happens, because you did not believe my words, which will come true at their proper time.” Meanwhile, the people were waiting for Zechariah and wondering why he stayed so long in the temple. When he came out, he could not speak to them. They realized he had seen a vision in the temple, for he kept making signs to them but remained unable to speak. When his time of service was completed, he returned home. After this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant and for five months remained in seclusion.
The Future Passover -Ezekiel gave new instructions for the millennium Passover:
Ezekiel 45:21 “‘In the first month on the fourteenth day you are to observe the Passover, a feast lasting seven days, during which you shall eat bread made without yeast. On that day the prince is to provide a bull as a sin offering for himself and for all the people of the land. Every day during the seven days of the Feast he is to provide seven bulls and seven rams without defect as a burnt offering to YHWH, and a male goat for a sin offering. He is to provide as a grain offering an ephah for each bull and an ephah for each ram, along with a hin of oil for each ephah. “‘During the seven days of the Feast, which begins in the seventh month on the fifteenth day, he is to make the same provision for sin offerings, burnt offerings, grain offerings and oil.
Notice that YHWH Himself kept a vigil to bring the Children of Israel out of Egypt.
Shemot (Exodus) 12:31-38 During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship HaShem as you have requested. Take your flocks and herds, as you have said, and go. And also bless me.” The Egyptians urged the people to hurry and leave the country. “For otherwise,” they said, “we will all die!” So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs wrapped in clothing. The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing. HaShem had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians. The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Succoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children. Many other people went up with them, as well as large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds.
Shemot (Exodus) 12:40-42 Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years. At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all HaShem’s divisions left Egypt. Because HaShem kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor HaShem for the generations to come.
Vayikra 23-2. “Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the Feasts of YHWH, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are My Feasts .” There are at least two very important things we should notice here. YHWH refers to these Appointed times as as “my feasts”. For the most part it has been Jews who have kept and preserved these days through the millennia, but it is wrong to think of these feasts as the Feasts of the Jews, YHWH “owns” them, He says they are “MY FEASTS” and for all those who are Israel and join with Israel to be His people. The word “feast” comes from the Hebrew, moed, which means “appointed time.” The phrase “holy convocation” comes from the Hebrew, mikra kodesh, which means “a set apart gathering” of people. Mikra derives from the Hebrew root, kara, meaning, “to meet” and kodesh means “holy” or “sanctified.”
“Feasts of YHWH” Vayikra 23:2, 4, 37, 44: 2 Chronicles 2:4; Ezra 3:5
Also called a solemn assembly, solemn assemblies, solemn meeting, solemn days, solemn day, appointed time, appointed times, the season, the seasons, appointed season, appointed seasons,
Moed 213 verses,
Chag 55 verses
Chagag 14 verses
Feast 36 verses in Ketuvim Netzarim
Passover 26 verses in Ketuvim Netzarim (The Number of YHWH)
Each feast is an appointed time of YHWH, He gathers His people in order to meet with them. Since the beginning of time itself YHWH has offered a “standing invitation” to join Him in celebration of life, indeed time itself was created and instituted by YHWH and it is according to YHWH’s feasts that we are to reckon time. He established these days as “a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live” Vayikra 23:14 we know He will make His “appointed times,” waiting to celebrate with us, and so must we plan to meet with Him.